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Theyyam Dance

Theyyam is a popular Hindu ritual dance form of worshiping in northern Malabar region of Kerala.Theyyam originated from “Kaliyattam” once practiced by the tribal community of north Kerala. As a living cult with several thousand-year-old traditions, rituals and customs, it embraces almost all the castes and classes of the Hindu religion in this region. The performers of Theyyam belong to the lower class community, and have an important position in Theyyam.People of these districts consider Theyyam itself as a God and they seek blessings from this Theyyam.

Theyyam Kerala

Theyyam (Pic: Wiki, jasinthmv)

Brief History

According to legends Parasurama sanctioned festivals like Kaliyattam, Puravela and Daivattam or Theyyattam to the people of the North Malabar region. He also assigned the responsibility of performing the Theyyam dance to the indigenous tribal communities like Malayar, Panan, Vannan and Velan.

Theyyam Dance Forms and Elements

The dance is done in front of village shrine or temple.There is no stage or curtain or other such arrangements for the performance.The dancer along with the drummers recites the particular ritual song, which describes the myths and legends, of the deity of the shrine or the folk deity to be propitiated. This is accompanied by the playing of folk musical instruments.All the dancers take a shield and sword in their hands as continuation of the cult of weapons. Theyyam is one of the most fascinating theatrical arts of India.

Theyyam Dance Forms

Theyyam dance form have approximately 400 types. Some of the main forms are-

  • Pallivettakkorumakan
  • Vishnumoorthi
  • Sree Muthappan Theyyam
  • Padikutti Amma
  • Muthappan Anthithira
  • Padarkulangara Bhagavathy
  • Puliyur Kali
  • Pullikarim Kali
  • Pulikandan
  • Marapuli
  • Kandapuli
  • Pulimaruthan
  • Puthiya Bhagavathy
  • Kuttikol Thamburatti Theyyam
  • Elayor Theyyam
  • Muthur Theyyam
  • Chuzhali Bhagavathy
  • Kodoth Chamundi
  • Agni Kandakarnan
  • Moovalamkuzhi Chamundi
  • Palot Daivam
  • Dandinganath Bhagavathy
  • Padarkulangara Bhagavathy
  • Padamadakki Bhagavathy
  • Manakkott Amma
  • Muthala Theyyam
  • Elleduth Bhagavathy
  • Narambil Bhagavathy
  • Chembilot Bhagavathy
  • Vellarangara Bhagavathy

Theyyam Festival Calendar 2014

Kuttikkol Thampuratty Theyyam
Kuttikkol – Kasaragod Dist
23 to 26 Feb 2014
Muchilottu Kavu Theyyam
Muchilottu – Kannur Dist
3 to 11 Apr 2014
Perumthitta Tharavad Kottamkuzhy
Kottamkuzhy – Kasaragod Dist
7 to 16 Dec 2014
Kanathoor Nalvar Bhoothasthanam
Kanathoor – Kasaragod Dist
28 Dec 2014 to
01 Jan 2015

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