Kannur is a one of the 14 districts of Kerala State in India. It is also termed as Cannanore , the town of Kannur is the headquarters of the District Kannur. Kannur District is bounded by Kasaragod District to the north, Kozhikode District to the south and Wayanad District to the south-east. To the east the district is bounded by the Western Ghats, which forms the border with Karnataka State, in its district of Kodagu. The Arabian Sea lies to the west.Kannur District is known as the land of looms and lores, because of the loom industries functioning in the district and festivals held in temples. The district is a major centre of Theyyam, a ritual dance of northern Kerala.
Kannur Political Map
|Sex Ratio||1090 Male per 1000Female|
|Official Language||Malayalama, English|
|Density||813 per Sq Km|
Brief History of Kannur
Rock-cut caves and megalithic burial sites of the Neolithic age were found in this district which predicts its existence in ancient times.The district was part of the Chera kingdom, which ruled most of Kerala during the first several centuries CE. Later Kannur was the capital of the Kolattiri Rajas, whose kingdom had trading relations with Arabia and Persia in the 12th century and 13th centuries. Legendary explorer Vasco De Gama visited Kannue on 1498 and thus started the incoming of Portuguese in the country.Kannur District witnessed one of the longest and bloodiest resistance to British rule in India.Kannur district came into existence as an administrative unit on first January 1957, when the erstwhile Malabar district and Kasaragod taluk of Madras State were reconstituted into three revenue districts- Kannur, Kozhikode and Palakkad.
Kannur Geography and Climate
Kannur can be geographically divided into highland, midland and lowland regions. Highlands forms the part of Western Ghats and are covered by rainforests, plantations of coffee, tea and different types of spices like cardamom. Western Ghats bounds the district in the East , Kozhikkode and Wayanad districts, in the South, Lakshadeep sea in the West and Kasaragod, the northern most district of Kerala, in the North. Coffee,rubber, tea, cardamom and other spices are the major plantation of the district.
Irikkur, Payyannur, Taliparamba, Kalliasseri, Azhikode, Kannur, Dharmadam, Thalassery, Mattannur, Kuthuparamba and Peravoor forms state legislative constituencies of the District
The district has a humid climate with an oppressive hot season from March to the end of May. During summer months mean daily maximum temperature is about 35 °C. Temperature is low in December and January and the minimum temperature is about 20 °C.
Transportation in Kannur
Road- National Highway NH-66 now NH-17 passes by the district and is backbone of the road system in Kannur district. Kannur has a good road connection it is well connected with the pther cities and districts of Kerala state. Kannur – Mattannur – Iritty Road,Taliparamba – Sreekandapuram Road, Pappinisseri – Pilathara Road,Thalassery –Kodagu road ,Payyannur – Peringome (Kozhichal) Road and the Thalassery – Mysore road are the other important roads.
Railways-Kannur, also known as Cannanore, is one of the busiest railway station in Kerala located in the Kannur City. It is operated by the Southern Railway of the Indian Railways. Other railway station in the district are Cannanore South Railway Station 2km from city, Chirakkal railway Station is about 6 km from Cannanore, valapattanam railway Station about 8 km from Kannur.
Airways- Kannur International Airport is to be established till 2014 . Other airports in the districts are Mangalore International Airport about 50 km from Kannur city and Calicut International Airport located about 125 Km from Kannur city.
Landmarks and Places to visit in Kannur
Kannur is also known as Land of Looms and Lores have various tourist places that can be seen. Some of the famous tourist places in the district are-
- Aralam Wildlife sanctuary
- Snake Park
- St Angelo Fort
- Kanjirakkoly waterfalls
- Moppila Bay
- Peralassery Sree Subrahmanya Temple
- Odathil Mosque
- Thalassery Fort
- Pazhazzi Dam
- Eizhunna Ezhara Beach
- Payyambalam Beach
- Muzhappilangad Drive In Beach
- Meenkunnu Beach
- Dharmadam Island