Kottayam is one of the districts of Kerala State of India.It is Bordered by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam has many unique characteristics. Kottayam is also known as the Land of letters, legends, latex and lakes. The city is an important trading center of spices and commercial crops, especially rubber. Most of India’s natural rubber originates from the acres of well-kept plantations of Kottayam, also home to the Rubber Board.
Kottayam District Map
Kottayam District Facts
|Area||2,492 Square Kilometers|
|Sex Ratio||1,040 Female per 1000Male|
|Official Language||Malayalama, English|
|Taluks||Changancherry , Kanjirappally , Kottayam, Meenachil, Vaikom|
Brief History of Kottayam
Kottayam district was previously a part of the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. At the time of the integration of the State of Travancore and Cochin (Kochi) in 1949, these revenue divisions were renamed as districts and the Diwan peshkars gave way to District Collectors, paving the way for the birth of the Kottayam District in July 1949.It was in Kottayam that the famous Vaikom Satyagraha (1924–25), an epic struggle for eradication of untouchability, took place.
Kottayam Geography and Climate
Kottayam district is bordered on the north by Ernakulam district, on the east by Idukki district and on the south by Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. The Vembanad Lake forms the western boundary.The district is naturally divided into high land, midland and lowland, the bulk being constituted by the midland regions.
Kottayam has a tropical climate and average rainfall is around 3600 mm per year.December, January and February are cooler, while March, April and May are warmer. The highest temperature recorded here was 38.5 °Cand the lowest was 15 °C .
List of Places to visit in Kottayam
Kottayam is a land of unique characteristics.Panoramic backwater stretches, lush paddy fields, highlands, hills and hillocks, extensive rubber plantations. Kottayam has a vast network of rivers, backwaters, ancient religious places, and hillstations.
- Aruvikkuzhi Waterfalls
- Elaveezha Poonchira
- Poonjar Palace
- Vaikom Temple
- Vembanad Lake
- Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple
- Thazhathangady Juma Masjid
- St. Mary’s Church
Transportation in Kottayam
Road– Kottayam has good road network that comprises of National and State highways. National highway NH-220, State Highways such as SH-1, SH-9, SH-32, SH-14, SH-15, SH-11 passes by the Kottayam District.
Railways– Kottayam lies on the busy rail route between Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam and is served by several long distance trains connecting most major cities in the country like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru Kolkata and Chennai. Other railway in the district are Changanassery, Chingavanam, Ettumanoor, Kuruppanthara, Vaikom Road, Piravam Road.
Airways– Cochin International Airport is located about 93 km from the Kottayam city. The airport has flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Kozhikode, Tiruvananthapuram, Agatti, Mangalore, Goa, Colombo, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and every international airport in the Middle East.Trivandrum International Airport is also located about 152 km from the city.