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Periyar River

Periyar in a the longest river in Kerala and is a perennial river that flows in various towns and cities of Kerala State .Idukki Dam is the most famous part of River Periyar. River Periyar originates in Sivagiri peaks of Sundermala in Tamil Nadu and flows north for merely 48 Kms joins west-flowing Mullayar river. It flows through Periyar National Park and is an important river of the park and is lifeline of the park.

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary is one of the important bird sanctuaries of India, is an evergreen low-land forest located between the branches of Periyar River. Some of the main tributaries of the river are –

  • Muthirapuzha River
  • Mullayar River
  • Cheruthoni River
  • Perinjankutti River
  • Edamala River

At Aluva, the river bifurcates into the Marthandavarma and the Mangalapuzha branches. The Mangalapuzha branch joins Chalakudy River and empties into the Lakshadweep sea at Munambam, and the Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, through the Udhyogamandal area and joins the Cochin backwater system.

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River Periyar- Aluva


By- Abraham Puthoor (Flickr)

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